Morganite Gemstone Information


Natural Morganite

Morganite, also known as Pink Beryl, Rose Beryl, Pink Emerald and Cesian Beryl, is a light pink to salmon-pink gem quality beryl. Morganite was first recognized as a distinct variety when specimens were first discovered in Madagascar in 1910. The pink beryl was named after J.P. Morgan, the American financier and gemstone collector.

With pink a fashion favorite, morganite is a gem that is much in demand. It is a hard and durable stone with a pastel color that ranges from clear pink to a lovely peach. If it reminds you of the beauty of aquamarine, that's not surprising since they are the same mineral.

The price and value of morganite varies depending on the size and quality of the gemstone. The more saturated colors are more valuable, as are very clean and well cut specimens, especially in larger sizes.

  
Why Buy Loose Gemstones Instead of Pre-Set Jewelry?
 
There are many reasons, but mainly it comes down to value and choice...

When buying your morganite gemstone loose instead of a pre-set stone, you can be sure that you are getting the best value for your money.  Loose gemstones are less expensive, a better value, and you can really see what you are paying for.  The most important part of getting the right price and finding the best value is to first see what you're getting.  A jewelry setting will hide the inclusions inside a gem, and can deepen or brighten its color.  With a loose stone you can much more easily inspect the gem and see it for what it really is. In this way you can get a better idea of its true worth and be sure you are paying a fair price.

The second advantage of buying a loose gemstone is choice.  You are free to pick the exact color, cut, shape and variety of the stone for the setting of your dreams, be it yellow gold, white gold, platinum or silver; prong set or bezel set with diamond accents.  You can experience the joy of creating your very own, one-of-a-kind jewelry design. Choose from a variety of jewelry settings and styles to create a completely original presentation that will perfectly suit your individual gemstone and will be as unique as you are!

 Morganite Beryl Ring                 Pink Beryl Ring

 

Attributes

Origin Madagascar, Brazil, Elba (Italy), Mozambique, Namibia, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Pakistan, U.S. (California)
Color Pink, champagne pink, peach pink, pastel pink, rose, Morganite is found in all shades of pink.
Refractive Index 1.577-1.583
Chemical Composition  Be3Al2(SiO3)6
Hardness 7.5 - 8
Density 2.72
Crystal Structure Hexagonal
  

Beryls are beryllium aluminium silicates rich in minerals. Pure beryl is colorless. However, on account of its structure, it is in a position to intercalate foreign elements such as iron, manganese, chrome or vanadium. If manganese is intercalated in beryl, the rather plain, colorless gemstone turns into an enchanting pink treasure: morganite. Many sources attribute morganite's color to the element manganese in interstitial sites in the beryl's ring structure. Other references attribute the color to the element cesium.

The chemical formula of morganite is: Be3Al2(SiO3)6 beryllium-aluminium silicate. The chemical composition of beryl is beryllium (14%) aluminium (19%) silicate (67%), usually containing alkali ions, other minerals, water, and gases. It has refractive index values of 1.57 to 1.58 with weak dichroism. Cleavage is absent to poor in one direction. The hardness is 7.5-8 on the Mohs hardness scale, and the specific gravity ranges from 2.66-2.83.  The refractive index (RI), measured using a refractometer, is an indication of the amount light rays are bent by a mineral.  Birefringence is the difference between the minimum and maximum RI. When birefringence is high, light rays reflect off different parts of the back of a stone causing an apparent doubling of the back facets when viewed through the front facet.

Most gems have a crystalline structure.Crystals have planes of symmetry and are divided into seven symmetry systems. The number of axes, their length, and their angle to each other determine the system to which a crystal belongs.  Morganite crystallizes in hexagonal shapes, known as habit, and is in the dihexagonal-dipyramidal class of the Hexagonal crystal system. Beryls sometimes crystalize in well formed hexagonal prisms with pedion (flat) terminations.

Its good hardness of 7.5 to 8 on the Mohs scale is the reason for its excellent wearing qualities.


Color
 
When determining the quality of a morganite, the color is the most important criterion. Note that this gemstone should be selected in as large a size as possible, for it is only above a certain size that the beauty of its color really comes into its own. The rule which says 'the more transparent, the more valuable' only applies to a certain extent, for there are plenty of gem lovers who prefer a morganite with fine inclusions like pure silk.
 
There are morganites in many fine pink hues. Some are decidedly pink, whilst others tend more to lilac or orange. In nearly every case the color is pastel and subtle. Like many other pink gems, morganite looks beautiful set in white gold. The warmth of its color means it also works well in yellow gold, blending beautifully with blue, celadon, peach, yellow, lilac and other rich pastels.
 

Cut
 
Morganite gems are generally cut similar to other colored stones, with ovals, cushions, trillions and emerald cuts being most common. Other popular lshapes include rounds, marquises, briolettes, hearts and pears.
 
What is certain is that the cut really is a decisive factor, for only a high-quality cut will allow the subtle color of the morganite to shine out.
 

Treatments
 
Morganite is sometimes heat treated to remove traces of yellow.  
 
AJS Gems fully discloses any and all treatments to our gemstones.
 

Sources
 
Morganite was first discovered in Madagascar. It was also found with other gemstone minerals, such as Tourmaline and Kunzite, in California in the early twentieth century at Pala. This started a bonanza for these quite popular gemstones which drew the attention of George Frederick Kunz, knowing Pink Beryl was quite a rarity. Kunz knew that this rich pink gem was something exceptional and he bought all he could.

It was Kunz who, in 1911, suggested to name the pink variety of Beryl Morganite, after his biggest customer - J.P. Morgan.  Ever since, the stone has held a certain popularity with Tiffany's though it still remains a relatively scarce gem.

Although morganite was also discovered in 1908 in Madagascar and there are also deposits in Brazil, Mozambique, Namibia, Afghanistan, Zimbabwe, Pakistan, USA and Russia, it remains relatively rare. In fact, its rarity keeps it relatively affordable, since it isn't available in enough quantity to cut in standard sizes and use in manufactured jewelry. Morganite remains a connoisseur gem, for those who are willing to seek it out for its unique combination of soft shades and very good hardness.

Morganite is occasionally be found in large sizes: the largest faceted morganite is a 598.70-carat cushion-shape from Madagascar in the collection of the British Museum.
 
 
Mythology
 
Originally, the name 'beryl' came from India. It was derived from the Sanskrit word 'veruliyam', an old term for the gemstone chrysoberyl, from which the Greek word 'beryllos' later developed.

Varieties of beryl have been considered gemstones since prehistoric times. Recognized for its beauty, in the Bible, in Ezekiel 1:16, the wheels of God's throne are described as having the appearance of "gleaming beryl".

In ancient times, colorless beryl was used to make eyeglasses.

Legend says that beryl was once used to ward off demons and evil spirits and that it can protect the wearer from dangers whilst traveling.

Other legends also state that beryl can be used to bring about good luck, cheerfulness, energy, and eternal youthfulness.

Beryl had been used as a physician's tool and gazing stone since ancient times. Those beliefs persist today. Beryl is metaphysically attributed with the ability to cure a number of intestinal and stomach ills, such as nausea, ulcers, and seasickness.  It is also said to be effective at treating disorders of the heart and spine.

 
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